16_402 10/12/69

35 South Street, Park Lane W
10 Dec. 1869]
Thanks him for his kind and instructive letter of 10th Oct., which is quite as important 'on the side of Sanitaly economics as a Sanitary report is important on the side of health.' Lower Bengal is doubtless the endemic centre of India, and though this may seem but a theory, it expresses the fact that of all parts of Northern India, cholera and fever are most apt there to appear, but for statesmen with his ability 'to adapt and to originate, no position is really more hopeful for a country than the one which induces a Government to look carefully to their existing obligations and existing expenditures so as to adjust both wisely; the great danger is from Epidemic seasons, but it is hoped that the cholera enquiry, if duly carried out, will tell what should be done;' barrack requirements; 'however much theN.W. may be improved, cholera and fevers will remain indigenous in Lower Bengal, but should you succeed in draining that huge swamp, and clothing it with crops, little will be heard of cholera.' She has looked at the propositions of the Royal Commission on the Sanitary State of the Indian Army, and at the suggestion of the standing Army Sanitary Commission, and at their reply to Dr. Leith, and they are in agreement as to necessary measures to be taken.
1. F.N. was the moving spirit behind the setting in motion of the Cholera enquiry which the Secretary of State ordered in April 1869 (See Cook, 11, 171-2). For a consolidated report see Cholera epidemics of recent years viewed in relation to former epidemics; a record of cholera in the Bengal Presidency from 1817 to 1872, by James L. Bryden.
Calcutta, 1874.

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