Nightingale’s infographics

Florence Nightingale’s most famous infographic (1858)

Florence Nightingale produced the original Diagram of the Causes of Mortality in the Army in the East in late 1858.  It showed that the death rate from disease (blues area) was higher in the first year of the war (right half of diagram), before improvements in sanitation in camps and hospitals. She used this diagram to show that we can control epidemic disease – something that was not obvious in her day.

This diagram is often referred to as the “coxcomb”, which is historically incorrect because the diagram did not even exist when Florence Nightingale used that word to describe something quite different! 

Downloads and links:
Coxcomb diagram (.tif file, 300 kb)
The graphic presentation of statistical information (Hugh Small’s 1998 article) 
Did Nightingale’s ‘Rose Diagram’ save millions of lives?. Explores the real impact of the ‘coxcomb’ or ‘rose diagram’.